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What is Binius – Vitalik Buterin’s New Cryptographic Scaling Technique

Ethereum's Vitalik Buterin unveiled Binius, an enhanced cryptographic proving system that might change zero-knowledge (ZK) proofs

The Ethereum Foundation’s Vitalik Buterin has just unveiled Binius, an enhanced cryptographic proving system that might change zero-knowledge (ZK) proofs as we know it.

It is no secret that Vitalik Buterin has always been at the forefront of pushing Ethereum-related innovations.

Over the years, besides advocating for off-chain and on-chain scaling, the Ethereum co-founder has published research papers exploring the potential of zk-proofs for privacy and compliance.

This makes sense, at least for privacy purists: Keeping financial transactions private as originally intended while complying with evolving regulations is important.

Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, and zero-knowledge (ZK) proofs

By spearheading this drive, Buterin is not just innovating, he’s strategically positioning Ethereum as a go-to platform for web3 innovation in a fiercely competitive landscape.

 

On April 29, Buterin unveiled Binius, an enhanced cryptographic proving system that might change zero-knowledge (ZK) proofs. If implemented, this update will open up new possibilities for scalable and efficient complex crypto applications.

To understand why Binius is “groundbreaking,” one must realize ZK proofs and their fundamental limitations.

In essence, ZK proofs use cryptography to allow one team to prove to the other that they possess or know specific details without revealing the data itself. This technique is crucial for maintaining privacy in public blockchains and is central to some privacy-centric protocols and platforms.

 

However, solutions like zk-STARKS and STARKs that rely on ZK proofs have a major problem: They are less efficient because they require working with large numbers.

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Binius Explained: A Paradigm Shift with Efficiency

Buterin is now introducing Binius to address a critical issue: the inefficiency of solutions like zk-STARKS and STARKs that rely on ZK proofs.

To resolve this, the co-founder introduces a revolutionary approach that allows computation directly on individual binary bits, bypassing the need to work with larger, less efficient numbers. 

By operating directly on bits, Binius accelerates data processing, subsequently enhancing performance.

But, precisely, how will this be possible?

Vitalik is introducing a new model in which data are represented as a “multidimensional “hypercube of bits. This makes data manipulation and processing much more efficient. 

Additionally, the concept of “Binary Finite Fields” allows Binius to facilitate efficient arithmetic operations on bits and bit sequences. 

The tool’s special encoding and decoding process will further enhance this, speeding up the manipulation and processing of binary data.

While Binius remains a theory, for now, the potential it holds is nothing short of thrilling. In the near future, Buterin anticipates further strides and enhancements of this technique.

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Disclaimer: Crypto is a high-risk asset class. This article is provided for informational purposes and does not constitute investment advice. You could lose all of your capital.

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